May 19, 2013 ~ Shabbat BEHA'ALOTECHA. Maqam SIGAH.
Moses counsels Israel about vows. God bids him wage war against Midian, to avenge the Israelites who were led astray. Midian is defeated, the spoils of war divided. The tribes of Reuben, Gad, and half of Menashe ask to settle east of the Jordan where their cattle can thrive. Moses agrees, provided they first help conquer Canaan.
Shabbat Shim’ou, named after the Haftarah portion (Jeremiah 2:4-28 & 4:1-2) is the second of the “Three Weeks” period. The Torah portion is Matot-Masei combined (Numbers 30:2-36:13). When Mattot is read alone, Maqam NAHWAND is applied, because this Torah portion begins with the laws of vows (Nedarim), and specifically the case of a dependent woman making a vow. Maqam Nahwand is used in cases of conflict, so one might suggest that if she makes a vow without the knowledge of her father or husband, this causes conflict in the family. Another conflict in the perasha is when Moshe rebukes the tribes of Reuben and Gad for wanting to settle on the eastern bank of the Jordan River and not inside the borders of the Land of Israel. Other sources cite to apply either Maqam Nawah or Saba. Maqam NAWAH would be considered appropriate because this is the last perasha of Sefer Bemidbar. ALIYOT: According to strict Aleppo tradition, there is no stopping in the middle of the masse'ot (42 journey locations). Therefore, this year, as Matot and Masei are combined, Shelishi ends 31:54 and Rebi'i ends 33:53, after all of the masse’ot are read. TA’AMIM: These Torah portions are unique in that there are 3 rare cantillation notes: Tere Ta'ame (32:42), Qarne Farah and Yerach ben Yomo (both 35:5). MISHMARA: Tractates Nedarim and Eduyot (Sephardic Pizmonim Project, www.pizmonim.com).
2011- When Mattot is read alone, Maqam Nahwand is applied. This Torah portion begins with the laws of vows (Nedarim), and specifically the case of a dependent woman making a vow. Maqam Nahwand is used in cases of disharmony or controversy, so one may suggest that a woman who makes a vow behind the back of her father or husband, causes disharmony in the family. In addition, Maqam Nahwand is appropriate for the "Three Weeks" period due to the maqam's sad overtones. Other sources cite to apply either Maqam Nawah or Bayat. Mishmara: Tractate Nedarim.
Nedarim: (נדרים, "Vows"); deals with various types of vows and their legal consequences.
The perasha discusses the laws of vows at length.